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Introduction to Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena - Stanley H.E.

Название: Introduction to Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena
Автор: Stanley H.E.
Категория: Физика
Тип: Книга
Дата: 21.10.2008 21:45:08
Скачано: 101
Описание: This monograph is intended to serve as an introduction to the interdisciplinary field of phase transitions and critical phenomena. It is a short book, and is not designed to review all of the recent developments in this rapidly-developing area. I have attempted, however, to provide an introduction that is sufficiently thorough that much of the current research literature can profitably be read. The subject matter concentrates almost exclusively upon phenomena near the liquid-gas and ferromagnetic critical points, and the analogies between fluid and magnetic transitions are emphasized throughout the book. The decision not to treat in detail the phase transitions that occur in a wide variety of other systems was made in order that the novice reader (not familiar with, say, superfluidity) should appreciate the concepts underlying current research in critical phenomena. I assume as background some familiarity with elementary thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, and I also assume that the reader has some notion of what a phase transition is. Therefore Chapters 1 and 2 are designed to provide a brief review and to establish the notation to be used; they may certainly be omitted by a number of readers. Likewise the chapters in Part III concerning the 'classical' van der Waals, mean field, and Ornstein-Zernike theories may be read quickly or else skipped altogether. Conversely, the material presented in certain of the appendices, and in Chapters 12-16, is more compact and is intended for the advanced student. The material treated in this monograph proved to be adequate for a one-term course on phase transitions and critical phenomena given at MIT. I have also used the manuscript to supplement an introductory course in thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, and I found the material in Chapters 2-6 and 10-11 particularly useful. For those who may consider using portions of this book as supplementary material for courses in solid state physics or applied mathematics, I would recommend Chapters 6-9, 11, and 13-16. In so far as it has proved feasible, I have attempted to keep the chapters reasonably independent of one another so that the reader may skip about in the text if he wishes.
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